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J Occup Health year 1999 volume 41 number 4 page 215 - 224
Classification Original
Title Burnout and Related Factors among Hospital Nurses
Author Kazuyo HIGASHIGUCHI1, 2, Yuko MORIKAWA2, Katsuyuki MIURA2, Muneko NISHIJO2, Masaji TABATA2, Masao ISHIZAKI3, and Hideaki NAKAGAWA2
Organization 1Department of Nursing, 2Department of Public Health, Kanazawa Medical University, and
3Health Care Center, Kanazawa Medical University
Keywords Burnout, MBI (Maslach Burnout Inventory), JCQ (Job Content Questionnaire), Hospital nurses, Related factors
Abstract Burnout and Related Factors among Hospital Nurses: Kazuyo HIGASHIGUCHI, et al. Department of Nursing, Kanazawa Medical University-The overall goal of this study is to examine the relationship between burnout in hospital nurses and three parameters: occupational factors, individual attributes, and workplace stressors. Two hundred and sixty-eight female nurses from two public general hospitals were surveyed. Three forms were used: first, a demographic data form to ascertain personal attributes; second, the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to assess burnout; and third, the Japanese version of the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) to assess workplace stressors. The Japanese version of MBI consists of three subscales: Physical Exhaustion (PE), Emotional Exhaustion/Depersonalization (EE+DP), and Personal Accomplishment (PA). The results were as follows: 1. There was a significant correlation between both PE and EE+DP and years of nursing experience, as well as the age of children. 2. There was a significant correlation between PE and the work schedule or workplace. 3. There was no significant correlation between the Japanese MBI subscales and job rank, marital status, or the number of children. 4. There was a significant correlation between the three subscales of Japanese MBI and the Japanese JCQ scales. These findings are discussed.