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J Occup Health year 2000 volume 42 number 3 page 152 - 155
Classification Occupational Health / Safety in the World
Title Industrial Health Service Scheme in Korea
Author Yun Im GOUNG
Organization Korean Industrial Health Association
Keywords Industrial health service, Quality control
Correspondence Y.I.Goung, Korean Industrial Health Association, 1490-32, Seocho-3 dong, Seocho-ku, Seoul 137-073, Korea
Abstract Industrial Health Service Scheme in Korea: Yun Im GOUNG, Korean Industrial Health Association-The industrial health service scheme was officially started with the passing of the Industrial Safety and Health Act (1981), even though the Labour Standard Law was enforced at 1954. On the other hand, the health service for workers had been carried out from 1963 at the civilian level led by medical doctors who were interested in the health of workers in Korea. During the period from 1954 to 1981 before the establishment of this act(1981), the Labour Standard Law and Industrial Accident Compensation and Insurance Act(1963) had mainly covered such benefits as medical and disability care for industrial accidents and occupational diseases. Thereafter, the enforcement of this act (1981) placed the responsibility for health services for workers on employers of more than 5 workers, and also the industrial health service scheme was considerably revised in 1990 and has been in force to the present. There are now 46 provincial offices under the Ministry of Labour and these offices designate the institutes of special health examination, which have the ability to confirm occupational diseases, do industrial environmental monitoring and perform vicarious health management. There are now 94 institutes for special health examination, and industrial environmental monitoring, and 71 vicarious health management institutes.