Get full text report (pdf file; Read by ADOBE Acrobat Reader)
J Occup Health year 2000 volume 42 number 5 page 276 - 280
Classification Occupational Health/Safety in the World
Title Fatal Occupational Events in a Development Area in East China: 1991 to 1997
Author Jinliang ZHU1, Zhaolin XIA1, David C. CHRISTIANI2, Gary S. SOROCK3, Tingting YE1, Theodore K. COURTNEY3, Taokou ZHU4, Qingmin WU4 and Hua FU1
Organization 1School of Public Health, Shanghai Medical University, PR China,
2Occupational Health Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health,
3Liberty Mutual Research Center for Safety and Health, USA and
4Department of Labor, Shanghai Municipality, PR China
Keywords Occupational injury, Fatal event, Prevention and control
Correspondence H. Fu, School of Public Health, Medical Center of Fudan University(Former Shanghai Medical University), Shanghai 200032, PR China
Abstract Fatal Occupational Events in a Development Area in East China: 1991 to 1997: Jinliang ZHU, et al. School of Public Health, Shanghai Medical University-We analyzed 383 occupational fatal events in a new development area in east China during the period 1991-1997. Most of the events took place during the period 1994-1997, because many large projects related to infrastructure development were ratified and implemented during that period. Extra working shifts on weekends were one of the risk factors in occupational fatalities. Falls, collisions, objects struck against, excavation cave-ins and electrocution were most important types of injury and accounted for the majority of the multiple incident accident types. The most common equipment or environment involved was the work surface, structures being built, cranes, and electric and electronic devices. The most common setting was construction and most incidents occurred in construction. We suggest that the prevention and control of occupational fatalities requires a comprehensive approach which includes improvement of product design, modification of the man-made environment, safety training, enforcement of relevant regulations and ergonomic controls.