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J Occup Health year 2001 volume 43 number 1 page 1 - 23
Classification Review
Title Metal-Induced Lung Disease: Lessons from Japan's Experience
Author Yukinori KUSAKA1, Kazuhiro SATO1, Narufumi SUGANUMA1 and Yutaka HOSODA2
Organization 1Department of Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Fukui Medical University and 2Institute of Radiation Effects Association
Keywords Metal, Lung disease, Occupational, Toxicity, Pneumoconiosis, Pneumonia, Bronchitis, Asthma, Lung cancer, Pulmonary fibrosis
Correspondence Y. Kusaka, Department of Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Fukui Medical University, 23-3, Shimoaitsuki, Matsuoka-cho, Fukui 910-1193, Japan
Abstract Metal-Induced Lung Disease: Lessons from Japan's Experience: Yukinori KUSAKA, et al. Department of Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Fukui Medical University-Metals inducing occupational respiratory diseases, e.g. metal fever, acute and chronic pneumonia, asthma, bronchitis, chronic obstructive lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis and lung cancer are described. The metals mentioned are the following: aluminum, antimony, arsenic, barium, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lithium, manganese, mercury, nickel, platinum, rhodium, rare earth metals, titanium, uranium, vanadium, welding, zinc, zirconium. With respect to these metals, mechanism of the disease, disease statistics, case reports, diagnostic methods, patho-physiology of the disease, and preventive measures including occupational exposure limits are also described. Experience in Japan on these issues is given in detail.