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J Occup Health year 2003 volume 45 number 4 page 242 - 247
Classification Field Study
Title Plasma Concentration of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone in Traffic Policemen
Author Francesco TOMEI1, Maria Valeria ROSATI1, Tiziana Paola BACCOLO1, Andrea BERNARDINI1, Manuela CIARROCCA1 and Enrico TOMAO2
Organization 1University of Rome "La Sapienza", Department of Occupational Medicine and 2Center For Aeromedical Evaluation and Occupational Medicine IML, ITAF, Italy
Keywords ACTH(P), Urban pollutants, Traffic policemen, Stressors, Outdoor activity
Correspondence F. Tomei, Via Monte delle Gioie No. 13, 00199 Rome, Italy
Abstract Plasma Concentration of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone in Traffic Policemen: Francesco TOMEI, et al. University of Rome "La Sapienza", Department of Occupational Medicine-The aim of this study is to evaluate whether traffic policemen exposed to urban pollutants and possible psycho-social stressors could be at risk of changes on plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH(P)] levels compared to a control group. Traffic policemen were matched by sex, age, length of service and drinking habit (<50 g of wine or beer per day) with a control group after excluding principal confounding factors; 62 traffic policemen with outdoor activity (34 men and 28 women) and 62 control subjects with indoor activity (34 men and 28 women) were included in the study. The levels of ACTH(P) were significantly higher in male and female traffic policemen than in the control subjects (respectively P=0.040, P=0.043). The authors hypothesise that occupational exposure to chemical and physical stressors, that may interact with possible psycho-social stressors, could cause a change in ACTH(P) levels in traffic policemen.